Python中int()函数的用法

int()是Python的一个内部函数

Python系统帮助里面是这么说的

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>>> help(int)
Help on class int in module __builtin__:
class int(object)
| int(x[, base]) -> integer
|
| Convert a string or number to an integer, if possible. A floating point
| argument will be truncated towards zero (this does not include a string
| representation of a floating point number!) When converting a string, use
| the optional base. It is an error to supply a base when converting a
| non-string. If base is zero, the proper base is guessed based on the
| string content. If the argument is outside the integer range a
| long object will be returned instead.
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>>> int(12.0)
12

int()函数可以将一个数转化为整数

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>>> int('12',16)
18

这里有两个地方要注意:1)12要以字符串的形式进行输入,如果是带参数base的话

2)这里并不是将12转换为16进制的数,而是说12就是一个16进制的数,int()函数将其用十进制数表示,如下

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>>> int('0xa',16)
10
>>> int('10',8)
8
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